Adilabad district is one of the most important district in Telangana. The total area of this district is around 16128 sq km. It has a
pleasant weather during the winters, with an annual rainfall of 1045 mm. Four major rivers Penganga, Godavari, Pranahita and Kadem, flow through the region.
The district derives its name from Adilabad,its headquarters town which was named after the ruler of Bijapur, Ali Adil Shah. The district was for long not a homogenius unit and its component parts were ruled at different periods by nasties namely, the Mauryas,Staavahanas,Vakatakas,Chaludyasof Badami, Rashtrakututs, Chalukyas of Kalyani, Mughals,Bhosle Rajes of Nagpur and Asaf Jahis, besides the Gond Rajas of Sirpur and Chanda.Originally this was not full fledged district but a sub-district named Sirpur-Tandur which was created in A.D. 1872 with Edlabad(Adilabad), Rajura and Sirpur as its consistuents talukas.In 1905 the status of this sub-district was raised to that of an independent district with head quarters at Adilabad.
Boundaries And Topography
The district was situated between 77.46′ and 80.01′ ,of the eastern longitudes and 18.40′ and 19.56′, of northern latitudes.The district is bounded on north by Yeotmal and Chanda district of Maharastra, on the east by Chanda district, on the south by Karimnagar and Nizamabad districts and on the west by Nanded district of Maharastra State.
The district has population of 2079098 which accounts for 3.13% of the total population of the State. It is however takes the fifth rank in area with an extent of 16128 SU kms.Which account for 5.90% of the total area of the State. It is however,the second largest district in the Telangana of the inhabited and 167 unihabited village and 11 Towns.
The District Comprises of 52 Mandals and 1743 villages of which 1557 villages are inhabited and 186 villages are un-inhabitated.
There are 7 Muncipalities in the District.
The District is conveniently formed into 5 divisions
There are 52 Mandal’s in Adilabad district.
Tourist attractions in Adilabad
The major places of tourist’s interest are Adilabad, Bellampalli, Nirmal, Mandamarri Sirpur, Lakshettipeta, and Mancheryal,. The other places of interest are Pochera and Kuntala waterfalls, Basara temple,sathnala,Ruyadi piris, Mathadivagu Dam,and Kadam Dam.
It also has certain important pilgrimages such as Utnoor, Basar, and Keshlapur temples.
These pilgrimages serve as important tourist attractions. Adilabad is also famous for its handicrafts. This is the birthplace of the famous Nirmal paintings which has its fame across the globe. It is also popular for the bell metal craft.
The district of Adilabad is covered by forest area upto nearly 50%. It has three important wildlife sanctuaries which are extremely popular tourist spots.
Pranahita wildlife sanctuary – This wildlife reserve is famous for its population of tigers, leopards, a wide variety of deers and several birds.
Shivaram wildlife sanctuary – This sanctuary is known for its crocodiles, foxes monkeys, and spotted deer.
Kawal wildlife sanctuary – This is well known for its wide variety of fauna ranging from tigers, leopard, deers and panthers.