Bharath Ratna Award Winners India, The Bharath Ratna award is India’s highest civilian award given for performance in highest order in any field. Bharat Ratna award was introduced in 1954 and is awarded to 45 people till date.
The Prime Minister of India to the President of India recommendations of the “Bharat Ratna” are made by the and maximum three Bharat Ratna awards can be made in a year.
Before 2011 the Bharat Ratna given for Artistic, Literacy, Scientific Achievements, as well as “Recognition of public service of the highest order”. But in December 2011 Government of India has modified the criteria for Bharat Ratna Award. Now Sports persons can also win Bharat Ratna Award.
Bharat Ratna Award Winners List
- Bharat Ratna award was introduced in 1954 and is awarded to 45 people till date
- First Bharat Ratna was awarded to Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, Sir C.V. Raman, and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari in 1954.
- Last Bharat Ratna was awarded to Bhimsen Joshi in 2008.
- Mother Teresa was the first naturalized Indian citizen of Bharat Ratna Award Winner in 1980.
- Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan (1987) And Nelson Mandela (1990) are two non Indians of Bharat Ratna Award Winners.
- Sachin Tendulkar is the first sportsperson and the youngest Bharat Ratna Award Winner (Announced).
List of Bharath Ratna Award Winners India from 1954 to 2015
|S.No.||Name||Awarded Year||Birth/Death||About him/her|
|1||Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari||1954||1878 – 1972||Last Governor – General, Independence activist|
|2||Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan||1954||1888 – 1975||India’s 1st Vice President (1952 – 1962), Philosopher and India’s 2nd President (1962 – 1967)|
|3||Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman||1954||1888 – 197||Physicist|
|4||Dr. Bhagwan Das||1955||1869 – 1958||Author, Independence activist, Kashi Vidya Peeth Founder|
|5||Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya||1955||1861 – 1962||Diwan of Mysore, Civil engineer|
|6||Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru||1955||1889 – 1964||Author, Independence activist, 1st Prime Minister|
|7||Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant||1957||1887 – 1961||Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Independence activist, Home Minister|
|8||Dr. Dhondo Keshave Karve||1958||1858 – 1962||Educator, social reformer|
|9||Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy||1961||1882 – 1962||Chief Minister of West Bengal and a Physician|
|10||Shri Purushottam Das Tandon||1961||1882 – 1962||Educator, Independence activist|
|11||Dr. Rajendra Prasad||1962||1884 – 1963||Jurist, Independence activist, 1st President of India|
|12||Dr. Zakir Hussain||1963||1897 – 1969||Scholar, Independence activist, 3rd President of India|
|13||Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane||1963||1880 – 1972||Sanskrit scholar and Indologist|
|14||Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous)||1966||1904 – 1966||2nd Prime Minister of India, Independence activist|
|15||Smt. Indira Gandhi||1971||1917 – 1984||3rd Prime Minister of India|
|16||Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri||1975||1894 – 1980||4th President, Trade unionist|
|17||Shri Kumaraswami Kamraj (Posthumous)||1976||1903 – 1975||Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Independence activist|
|18||Mother Teresa||1980||1910 – 1997||Founder of Missionaries of Charity and a Catholic nun|
|19||Shri Acharya Vinobha Bhave (Posthumous)||1983||1895 – 1982||Independence activist and a Social reformer|
|20||Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan||1987||1890 – 1988||Independence activist, First non-citizen|
|21||Shri Marudu Gopalan Ramachandran (Posthumous)||1988||1917 – 1987||Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Film actor|
|22||Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (Posthumous)||1990||1891 – 1956||Crusader against Untouchablity, Chief architect of Indian Constitution, Social Reformer, Dalit Icon, Historian, Economist, scholar, politician|
|23||Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela||1990||b – 1918||2nd non – citizen and non – Indian recipient, Leader of Anti – Apartheid movement|
|24||Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous)||1991||1944 – 1991||6th Prime Minister of India|
|25||Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous)||1991||1875 – 1950||Independence activist, 1st Home Minister|
|26||Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai||1991||1896 – 1995||4th Prime Minister and Independence activist|
|27||Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous)||1992||1888 – 1958||1st Minister of Education and an Independence activist|
|28||Shri Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata||1992||1904 – 1993||Philanthropist and an Industrialist|
|29||Shri Satyajit Ray||1992||1922 – 1992||Filmmaker|
|30||Shri Gulzarilal Nanda||1997||1898 – 1998||Interim Prime Minister, Independence activist|
|31||Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous)||1997||1909 – 1996||Independence activist|
|32||Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam||1997||b – 1931||Aeronautical Engineer and 11th President of India|
|33||Smt. Madurai Sanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi||1998||1916 – 2004||Carnatic classical singer|
|34||Shri Chidambaram Subramniam||1998||1910 – 2000||Minister of Agriculture and an Independence activist|
|35||Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous)||1999||1902 – 1979||Politician, Independence activist|
|36||Professor Amartya Sen||1999||b – 1933||Economist|
|37||Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)||1999||1890 – 1950||Chief Minister of Assam, Independence activist|
|38||Pandit Ravi Shankar||1999||1920 – 2012||Sitar player|
|39||Sushri Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar||2001||b – 1929||Playback singer|
|40||Ustad Bismillah Khan||2001||1916 – 2006||Hindustani classical shehnai player|
|41||Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi||2008||1922 – 2011||Hindustani classical singer|
|42||Sachin Tendulkar||2014||1973||Indian Cricketer, First Sportsman and Youngest Indian who got Bharat Ratna|
|43||Prof. C.N.R Rao||2014||1934||Indian Scientist|
|44||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||2015||1924||Atal Bihari Vajpayee is an Indian statesman who was the Eleventh Prime Minister of India from BJP|
|45||Madan Mohan Malviya||2015||1861 – 1946||The freedom icon and Educationist popularly known as ‘Mahamana”.|